11 Emson Close | Saffron Walden | Essex | CB10 1HL
9.1 A Neighbourhood Plan may only deal with planning matters. In the most simplistic terms, this means matters which involve planning applications for the development and the use of land.
9.2 As well as the design and layout of the building works, the planning authority must take into consideration the surrounding infrastructure and, where necessary, make provision of additional infrastructure a pre-requisite for the development itself. The NPPF sets out the relationship between the provision of such infrastructure and the planning process in Section 8: “Promoting healthy and safe communities”:
NPPF Paragraph 91. Planning policies and decisions should aim to achieve healthy, inclusive and safe places which:
a) promote social interaction, […];
b) are safe and accessible, […]; and
c) enable and support healthy lifestyles, […]
NPPF Paragraph 92. To provide the social, recreational and cultural facilities and services the community needs, planning policies and decisions should:
a) plan positively for the provision and use of shared spaces, community facilities (such as local shops, meeting places, sports venues, open space, cultural buildings, public houses and places of worship) and other local services to enhance the sustainability of communities and residential environments;
b) take into account and support the delivery of local strategies to improve health, social and cultural well-being for all sections of the community;
c) guard against the unnecessary loss of valued facilities and services, particularly where this would reduce the community’s ability to meet its day-to-day needs;
d) ensure that established shops, facilities and services are able to develop and modernise, and are retained for the benefit of the community; and
e) ensure an integrated approach to considering the location of housing, economic uses and community facilities and services.
9.3 In very practical terms much of this infrastructure is delivered through developer contributions in the form of Section 106 agreements (S106), or the Community Infrastructure Levy (CIL), or a combination of the two. Whilst the process of calculation of each is different, the end result of both is a financial contribution which is linked to and mitigates the impact on existing infrastructure which is caused by new development. At the time of adoption of the SWNP, the District Council uses S106 and is reviewing the introduction of CIL. The SWNP supports the introduction of CIL.
9.4 Developer contributions are dealt with by the planning authority; however, a neighbourhood plan may describe what additional infrastructure is required to make proposed development sustainable, and how it ought to be delivered.
9.5 The following sections, on transport infrastructure, sport and recreation, arts and cultural spaces, and education and healthcare facilities set out measures which are in part beyond the direct control of the Neighbourhood Plan, but which should form the basis of infrastructure delivery as implemented by the district and county councils.
Saffron Walden will be an economically active and self-sustaining town, offering equal opportunities to all.
Saffron Walden’s residents will be able to live as healthily as possible.
Saffron Walden will be an environmentally sustainable town.
Saffron Walden’s heritage assets, high quality landscape and conservation areas will be protected or enhanced.
Saffron Walden will retain its market-town feel and community spirit.